Jewish Holidays 5779 (2018-2019)
Rosh Hashanah What it is: The Jewish New Year 2 Days 1st & 2nd Tishri Mon-Tues Sept 10-11 Customs: Hear the Shofar sound (except on Sabbath), Tashlikh - Cast away your sins What to Eat: Apples Dipped in Honey, Round Challah What to Say: Shanah Tovah Work restrictions: Sabbath-like restrictions on work both days Yom Kippur What it is: The Day of Atonement 1 Day 10th Tishri Wed Sept 19 Customs: Attend Kol Nidre Services Erev Yom Kippur (The only evening service of the year when everyone wears a talit). Attend Yizkor Services and Light Yarzheit Candles for departed members of the family What to Eat: Fast - Start fasting Erev Yom Kippur, before sundown, and break the fast after sundown the next day What to Say: G'Mar Hatimah Tova "As G-d puts His final seal on you, may it be for good!" Work restrictions: Sabbath-like restrictions Sukkot What it is: The Harvest Festival 7 Days 15th-21 Tishri Mon-Tues Sept 24-30 Customs: Erect (and eat meals in the) Sukkah; Wave Symbolic Thanksgiving Offering "Festive Bouquet" made of Etrog (citron), Lulav (branch of date palm), Hadassim (myrtle) and Aravot (willows) What to Say: Hag Samayakh, Gut Yontif Work restrictions: Sabbath like restrictions on the first two and last two days Shemini Atzeret What it is: The Final Day of Sukkot 1 Day 22 Tishri Mon Oct 1 Customs: Yizkor Services, Prayer for Rain What to Say: Hag Samayakh, Gut Yontif Work restrictions: Sabbath like restrictions Simchat Torah What it is: The Completion of the Torah Readings for the Year 1 Day 23rd Tishri Tues Oct 2 2Customs: Join the Congregation as the Torahs are removed from the Ark and are carried around the Shul in celebratory dancing and singing What to Eat: Jelly Apples What to Say: Hag Samayakh, Gut Yontif Work restrictions: Sabbath-like restrictions Chanukah What it is: The Celebration of the victory of the Maccabees. Miracle of the oil that burned for 8 days 8 Days 25 Kislev - 2 Tevet Mon-Mon Dec 3-10 Customs: Light the Menorah, spin a dreidal What to Eat: Jelly Donuts, Potato Latkes What to Say: Hag Urim Samayakh Work restrictions: No work restrictions Tu B'Shevat What it is: Jewish New Year for Trees 1 Day 15th Shevat Mon Jan 21 Customs: Plant trees in Irael What to Eat: Grapes, Figs, Olives. Pomegranates, Dates, Carobs Work restrictions: No work restrictions Purim What it is: Haman, the King's Prime Minister, plots to kill the Jews - Queen Esther saves the Jews by sharing information she gets from Mordecai with her husband, King Ahashverus. An affirmation of Jewish survival. 1 Day 14th Adar Thurs Mar 21 Customs: Read the Megillah a.k.a. The Scroll of Esther, Spin a noisemaker at the mention of Haman's name, Dress up in costume, Share gifts of food and wine "Misholoach Manot" with family and friends. What to Eat: Hamantashen Work restrictions: Limited restrictions on work Passover What it is: Liberation of Israel from Egyptian slavery 8 Days 15th-22nd Nisan Sat-Sat Apr 20-27 Customs: Gather "Hametz" and remove from home, Celebrate two Passover seders, Read the Haggadah at the seders, Recite the Four Questions What to Eat: Matzah, Unleavened Bread - Eat only those foods permitted on or prepared for Passover What to Say: Hag Samayakh, Gut Yontif Work restrictions: Sabbath like restrictions on the first 2 and last 2 days Yom Hashoah What it is: Holocaust Memorial Day 1 Day 27th Nisan Thurs May 2 Customs: Memorial Service Work restrictions: No restrictions on work Yom Ha'atzmaut What it is: Israel's Independence Day 1 Day 4th Iyar Thurs May 9 What to Eat: Israeli Foods Work restrictions: No restrictions on work Lag B'Omer What it is: Day of celebration in the midst of a seven week period of sadness 1 Day 18th Iyar Thurs May 23 Customs: Picnics Work restrictions: No restrictions on work Shavu'ot What it is: The Giving of the Torah to the Jewish People 2 Days 6th-7th Sivan Sun-Mon June 9-10 Customs: Tikkun - Stay up late to study Torah What to Eat: Dairy Foods What to Say: Hag Samayakh, Gut Yontif Work restrictions: Sabbath-like work restrictions Tisha B'Av What it is: Commemorating the Destruction of the Temples 1 Day 9th Av Sun Aug 11 Customs: Fasting, Reading the Book of Lamentations What to Eat: Fast Work restrictions: Limited restrictions work through mid-day Hag Samayakh From Temple Beth Torah!